In human cells, genetic information is passed from parent to offspring via sexual reproduction, a process by which a male sex cell or sperm fertilizes a female sex cell an ovum or egg. Note that both male and female sex cells contain 23 chromosomes. Through fertilization, both male and female sex cells contribute a total of 46 chromosomes to the embryo. Become a Study.
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Sex Cells Anatomy and Production
How are sex cells made (meiosis)? - mauramcmahonzellerforjudge.com - NCBI Bookshelf
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Gametes are an organism's reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome. These reproductive cells are produced through a type of cell division called meiosis. During meiosis, a diploid parent cell, which has two copies of each chromosome, undergoes one round of DNA replication followed by two separate cycles of nuclear division to produce four haploid cells.
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Sperm and eggs: the basics of human sex cells
Animals and plants prepare their cells for sex in very different ways — but no one knows why. A team of UK researchers now thinks that it has worked out the puzzle. Humans and animals set themselves up for sex well before the act will ever take place. At the earliest stages of life, in the embryo, our germ cells begin to develop.
NCBI Bookshelf. The formation of sex cells is a central part of human reproduction: In fertilization, an egg cell and a sperm cell combine. These sex cells are also called reproductive cells or gametes. Sperm cells are produced in men's testicles and egg cells are produced in women's ovaries. Sex cells are different from other cells in one special way: Put simply, they only have one half of the total amount of human genetic information.